Data Base Management

NCIC Database






Database For Keeping Information On Criminals Throughout The United States


The National Crime Information Center, abbreviated NCIC, keeps a large database that constantly archives crime-related information for the United States.  It was made in 1967 by FBI director J. Edgar Hoover for the purposes of facilitating the flow of information on crime records between the numerous law enforcement branches.


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The NCIC database is maintained by the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Criminal Justice Information Services Divisions, which was established in 1992. Information may be released to the news media and the public, usually via a member of Congress or staff, unless it is determined that release would constitute an unwarranted invasion of personal privacy.

There are two major types of records for law enforcement and security purposes kept by the National Crime Information Center database: personal and property records.

Personal records are crime-related records that deal with people directly. For instance, foreign fugitives, immigration violators, and convicted criminals all have personal records in the NCIC database. Even missing persons, unidentified human remains and persons with active protection orders or active arrest warrants are in the personal records part of the National Crime Information Center's database.

Property records on the other hand deal with objects. Information on the possession of firearms, as well as missing or stolen firearms, is put into property records. Stolen property, vehicles, and vehicle parts are also recorded into the property records because they all deal with a person's property and not the person him or herself.

With the growth of society, crime also increases. Therefore it is very important that the National Crime Information Center keeps its database as up-to-date as possible.  The man who created the database, J. Eadgar Hoover, is also responsible for many modern forensic practices, such as keeping a central fingerprint file for law enforcement to access. 

This centralized fingerprint file is another NCIC database that is commonly used by law enforcement everywhere in the United States.

The advent of the Internet has helped allow law enforcement agencies around the country to access the NCIC database for criminal records, either personal or property, as well as other databases such as the central fingerprint file used to help identify people who may be suspected of having committed a crime or to identify a person who has committed a crime and is wanted by law enforcement.

The creation of the first NCIC database occurred in 1967 by J. Eadgar Hoover, who was the FBI director at the time, and it is one of the most important creations in criminal investigations in the history of the United States, if not the entire world. The database allows law enforcement and security agencies around the country to access criminal records for their purposes.








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